HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT 2016 – INDIAN OCCUPIED JAMMU & KASHMIR

Aug 21st, 2017 | Category: Articles

HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT 2016 – INDIAN OCCUPIED JAMMU & KASHMIR

HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT 2016

INDIAN OCCUPIED JAMMU & KASHMIR

Researched & Compiled by Mahnoor Wani Ms. Attiya Asim

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

Enforced Disappearance

Arbitrary arrests and illegal detentions

Injuries Due to Excessive Force Used Against Peaceful Protestors

Torture

Assault on health services & aid workers

Sexual violence

Media gag and attack on media professionals

Restriction on freedom of religion and religious activities

Blockade of communication services

Killings During The Peaceful Protests

Beerwah tragedy

Aaripanthan carnage

Kawoosa occurrence

Impact on women and children

Impact on Education

Conclusion

 

Introduction

Human rights abuses have been a part of the campaign of the Indian state against people of Jammu Kashmir ever since Indian forces occupied the territory. The oppression has been manifested in the following types of human rights abuses: “extra-judicial killings enforced disappearances, torture, rape, molestation and arbitrary detentions.’’ Like past years, 2016 was marked with extraordinary cycle of violence. Militarized repression and indiscriminate state sponsored violence coupled with blanket impunity to armed forces, an upward trend in human rights violations, in the form of extrajudicial executions, injuries, illegal detentions, torture, sexual violence, disappearances, arson and vandalism of civilian properties, restriction on congregational religious activities, media gags, and ban on communication and internet services, etc. The most fundamental rights of people were curtailed through the imposition of curfew, crackdowns nocturnal raids and continued violence. Due to the high magnitude of the lawlessness created by the pellet guns, the summer of 2016, will go into the history of Kashmir as a season of “Epidemic of Dead Eyes”. The indiscriminate and excessive use of force by Jammu and Kashmir police and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) against protesters in Kashmir violates India’s obligation to protect the rights to life, and the country’s obligation to uphold and facilitate freedom of expression and assembly.

According to report documented by Jammu Kashmir Coalition of civil society JKCCS, in 2016 the Jammu and Kashmir witnessed the killing of 383 persons which is statistically the highest in last five years. Moreover, thousands of persons were injured and there were illegal detentions of around 10,000 people besides arson and clampdown of communication services.

The violence intensified on July 8, after the extra-judicial killing of, Burhan Wani. His killing was followed by a mass uprising of people all across Kashmir. In order to quell the uprising, the government pressed into service police, military and paramilitary forces, which resorted to excessive use of unbridled force that resulted into large-scale abuse of human rights. During the unrest, there was extrajudicial execution of more than 100 civilians; more than 15,000 persons got injured in the State forces action with 6000+ injuries by the use of pellet shotguns with 1000+ civilians receiving eye damage fully or partially. Protest gatherings and marches, including funeral processions and public prayers, were met with violence. Essential services including telecommunication and internet services remained by and large curtailed. Freedom of Press was violated as media professionals were attacked and injured. There were instances of ban on publication of few dailies and seizure of daily newspapers. The Medical aid services during the uprising were also affected as there were attacks on ambulances, assault on doctors and paramedical workers and crackdown on voluntary aid workers by various security agencies.

The long pending dispute on the agenda of the United Nations continues to take lives of human beings every year, endlessly.

Jammu and Kashmir has lost its children and youth in the current mayhem. It has lost its tomorrow. The dale is in the state of mourning– wailing for its departed children, its visionless children, its detained children and its offended children. Everywhere there are injuries, those eternal wounds which nothing on earth can heal. A state, when the crimson has taken over green.Out of over 95 people who have been gunned down so far, the government of Jammu and Kashmir has ordered enquiry in only seven cases.

 

ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCES

Enforced disappearances are 8,000 to 10,000 since 1989.

7,000+ unmarked mass gravesare discovered.

This year, four persons have disappeared from Kashmir valley, three among them went missing during the mass uprising, which started on July 8 with the extra-judicial killing of Burhan Wani. Three persons were recorded as disappeared, however, their bodies were later found from different locations. In all the four cases the families accused the state forces of killing them and tried to disappear their bodies by throwing them away to cover up the crime.

Ghulam Mohammad Hajam, 55, son of Ghulam Qadir Hajam was arrested by Police in Pulwama on January 3, 2016. After fourteen days of his disappearance, his corpse was found abandoned in a field at Katipora, Awantipora.

Fayaz Ahmad Sofi, 45, son of Ali Mohammad Sofi R/o Naidyar, Rainawari, Srinagar disappeared on 9 July 2016 and later his dead body was found on July 16 in Kangan, Ganderbal, a district 30 kilometers away from Srinagar. According to Fayaz’s family, his hands were tied, grave injuries were quite visible on his head and he had bruises all over his body, it appears he was tortured before being killed. His family alleged he was being chased and arrested by the state forces.

Zahoor Ahmad Mantoo, 17, s/o Sanullah Mantoo of Kakapora, Pulwama disappeared on July 9 and his body was fished out from a river body on July 13. State forces hit a teargas shell on his back and he drowned in river Jhelum. His family accused the forces of throwing him into the Jhelum. Throwing him in river was done with the intent to make him disappeared, as in past scores of disappeared were thrown in rivers and lakes.

Aqib Ramzan, 17, s/o Mohammad Ramzan Lone of Lone Mohalla, Khanmoh disappeared on July 24, 2016 and his body was found on 27 July. He was tortured to death by the state forces before being thrown in Khanmoh industrial area. An FIR was registered in the case but the fate of investigation is yet unknown.

From time to time different governments in Jammu and Kashmir made contradictory statements about what it calls “missing persons”. There is a glaring example of three Kupwara men who had disappeared on November 17, 2015 when PDP led coalition was yet to complete its first year’s rule. The tireless efforts made by their families have so far failed to yield any results. The men were lured by Manzoor Ahmed Khawaja, working for 160 Battalion of the Territorial Army. According to their families they have evidence that the trio had been last seen with Manzoor. According to the families, Manzoor had promised them jobs in Indian Army.

 

ARBITRARY ARRESTS AND ILLEGAL DETENTIONS

Frustrated by the intensity by which people expressed their political aspirations, after Burhan Wani’s killing on July 8, the government resorted to arbitrary and indiscriminate arrests across Jammu and Kashmir to crush these protests. The widespread arrests across Kashmir constitute massive crack down of State to clampdown protests. The State resorted to indiscriminate arrests with an estimated 12,000+ civilians under illegal detention including more than 582 under the Public Safety Act, 1978 – a preventive detention law internationally condemned as a “lawless law”.

Young, minors, aged, human rights activists, lawyers, mentally challenged, cancer patients, and political as well as non-political persons were arrested and booked under controversial Public Safety Act (PSA). Dozens of government employees including 33 of education department have been booked for participating in pro-freedom protests.

Five persons were booked under sedition charges in Kishtwar in Jammu Province. The FIRs were registered at Kishtwar police station on July 11 and 15 under Sections 120B (criminal conspiracy), 124A (sedition) and 153A (promoting religious enmity) of Ranbir Penal Code (the equivalent of Indian Penal Code in Valley).

Before the onset of July uprising, between January to May, 59 persons were booked under PSA, as per official records.As per available reports, 12,000 persons were arrested in year 2016. Police has registered 2602 FIRs. 582 were booked under PSA, out of whom, PSA warrants have been executed against 524 persons.

The government of Indian Occupied Kashmir is bypassing the judiciary to keep the youth holed up in prisons by getting the orders issued by the deputy commissioners under the draconian Public Safety Act. The detentions are carried out deliberately under Public Safety Act to make it sure that the detainee doesn’t get bail and once the Public Safety Act is invoked the right of liberty gets curtailed.

On October 15, three prominent rights groups-Amnesty International India, Human Rights Watch and the International Commission Of Jurists, urged the J&K Government to end the use of PSA to detain people, including children. The state Government also came under sharp criticism from rights bodies for detaining “minors” under the law. The PSA, which Amnesty International called as ‘lawless law’, was introduced in Jammu and Kashmir during 1978.

More so, Persons arrested under the Public Safety Act in Kashmir were sent to Jammu jails, inaccessible to their families and resulting in double punishment to the detainees as well as to their families. It is important to mention here that lodgment of all these detained persons was against Supreme Court direction whereby a detainee has to be lodged in a jail nearby his residence.

In the month of May, a Jammu-based Muslim leader Syed Shabir Ahmad Shah, president Muslim Development Forum, who lives in Mohalla Jeevan Shah was booked under the draconian Public Safety Act and jailed at Kot Bhalwal Jail Jammu.

During the same month four students identified as Danish Ahmed Gojri of Drangabal Baramulla, Aijaz Ahmed Gojri of Baramulla, Javaid Ahmed of Khan sahib Budgam and Sameer Ahmed from Soura Srinagar were detained under Public Safety Act (PSA) for their alleged involvement in stone-pelting incidents and were shifted to Kathua and Udhampur jails.

On September 16, noted human rights activist Khurram Parvez was arrested and despite the orders of the Sessions Court, Srinagar, for his release, he was re-arrested on September 21, slapped with infamous Public Safety Act (PSA) for being a threat to “public order” and was lodged in Kot Bhalwal jail Jammu. The grounds of detention shown to justify the PSA, signed by the District Magistrate were least convincing and the charges against him were not different from what are being slapped on all who have been put behind the bars. Khurram, who is also disabled as he lost his leg in a mine blast in 2004. By International humanitarian law as well, his arrest was also violation of its parameters.

Despite widespread global condemnation of illegal detention of Khurram Parvez, government ignored the demand for his immediate release and after 76 days of unlawful detention, Khurram was released after JK High Court quashed his detention order and held that nothing was brought to the notice of the court either in the grounds of detention or in reply affidavit.

Khurram Parvez’s detention which was against the basic tenets of a democratic setup had a chilling effect on all those who speak for the voiceless in Kashmir and denotes a new low in the State’s history of denial and disregard for rights.

Advocate Hassan Babar rights activist alias Baber-ul-Islam was arrested on August 27, from his residence at Mohallah-Sah Faridabad in Doda. Baber is the second person who was booked under Public Safety Act (PSA) in the mountainous district after turmoil started in the Valley.

Tanveer Ahamd Bhat, a Juvenile from Mattan area of Anantnag (Islamabad) district in South Kashmir was also booked under Public Safety Act under the detention order (32/DMA/PSA/DET/ 2016) passed by District Magistrate Anantnag against him on August 24, 2016. Tanveer challenged the detention order and on December 01, The Jammu and Kashmir High Court while quashing his detention order ruled that a minor cannot be booked under Public Safety Act.

Dr. Ghulam Mohammad Hubi, a noted political leader, was arrested and lodged in police station Charari Sharief on August 24, this year for allegedly “fomenting trouble” in Budgam district and was subsequently booked under Public Safety Act on August 30 and was shifted to Kot Balwal jail Jammu.

On Nov 30, Jammu and Kashmir High Court quashed the PSA detention order of 75-yr old AAC leader, Ghulam Nabi Zaki, after Police Station Sopore arrested him in an FIR, District Magistrate Baramulla had issued a detention order against Zaki on September 29 this year.

On September 13, 67-year-old, Abdur Rashid Wani, a chemist from Chogal area of Handwara in north Kashmir’s Kupwara district was arrested by police and was booked under Public Safety Act and shifted to sub-jail Udhampur. According to his son, Haroon Rashid, Wani has been operated in vertebral column thrice during last five years. With the result, he has been declared 45 per cent disabled by the doctors and is also not able to attend the nature’s call without the help of a chair and stick.

Similarly, 80- year- old man, Muhammad Yousuf Sheikh of Iqbal Nagar Sopore, was booked under Public Safety Act on August 10, after order of detention was passed by the District Magistrate Baramulla against him. Suffering from multiple ailments Mr. Sheikh was lodged in district Jail Kupwara.

 

INJURIES DUE TO EXCESSIVE FORCE USED AGAINST PEACEFUL PROTESTORS

According to estimates over 15000 people received grave to minor injuries that includes blinding, maiming, bone fractures in state forces action particularly after July 8, 2016 killing of Burhan Wani, which triggered wave of massive protests across Kashmir. Among the bulk of injured were students and minors. It is also pertinent to mention that hundreds of injured people chose not to get admitted into the govt. hospitals. They treat their injuries in private hospitals and clinics to avoid police harassment, therefore, making it difficult to ascertain the actual number of injured.

It appears that the government has disowned the injured youth since July 8. According to reliable sources of JKCCS, organizations working on treatment of injured particularly the pellet victims were being tacitly discouraged by the government not to help the injured, especially the pellet victims. The organizations fearing government backlash are now reluctant to help the victims. This is disastrous because most of the pellet injured victims belong to economically weaker section of the society, and are not in a position to bear the surgical and medical expenses.

Some of the date available with different government hospitals about the injured

As per the data available among the 15,000 injured include 1178 persons have received pellets in their eyes that rendered 52 persons blinded, 300 persons partially lost vision including 150 minors, 4664 persons received bullet injuries in different parts of the bodies. Of the injured, 243 fall under the age-group of 1-12 while 1005 are under the age of 12-15. However, majority (7762) belong to the age group of 16-25.

The state forces used bullets, pellets and teargas shells indiscriminately against the protestors. On August 4, police records revealed that in the past more than three weeks, CRPF personnel have fired more than 60,000 pellet cartridges in Kashmir to disperse protesters. On August 18, Central Reserve Police Force informed the Jammu and Kashmir High Court in an affidavit that it had fired 1.3 million pellets from pump-action guns in the period July 8 to August 11. The CRPF said it fired 8,650 tear-gas shells during the same period.

On July 16, a three-member team, headed by ophthalmologist Prof. Sudarshan K Kumar from All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi, after examining 60 patients with injuries in retina after their arrival from New Delhi, compared the magnitude of damage caused by the “lethal” weapon to a “war-like situation”. The world renowned Dr. Natrajan, who has served in several conflict zones across the world, says “he has never seen a situation where so many people are liable to lose their eyesight.”

The procedures formulated and applied on ground to subdue the protests in return were punitive. Pellet guns, pepper gas shells, tear gas shells, straight bullets and PAVA shells (introduced later) were used to prevent the protests. Rest, what transpired to the world was gross human rights violations.

 

TORTURE

This year as well, as in the past, torture has continuously been used by the armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir against civilians, particularly the youth. The frequency with which torture has been inflicted on people of Jammu and Kashmir demands rigorous research. After the July 8 uprising in Kashmir, the allegations of humiliation and torture of youth was comparatively high this year.

During the uprising, hundreds of youth were tortured on the streets by the forces and many of them died in the hospital later. There are allegations that youth arrested post July 8 uprising were humiliated and unclothed in jails.

According to human rights activist Khurram Parvez, who was detained under PSA for over two months in Kot Bhalwal jail Jammu, the boys arrested on charges of stone pelting were stripped on their entry inside the jail. This was done to humiliate and demoralize them. Many youth who were arrested during the post July 8 uprising in Kashmir alleged to have been tortured in various police stations.

Civilians who died due to torture by government forces

  1. Hilal Ahmad Parrey of Tengpora was beaten by CRPF personnel on July 10 and on July 16 he died in the hospital.
  2. On July 11 Irfan Ahmad Dar of Kaimoh, Kulgam was severely beaten by CRPF when he was trying to save his bullet injured younger brother. Irfan died on July 14.
  3. On July 20, Ghulam Mohi-ud-Din Mir of Lolab, Kupwara was tortured to death by army of 41 RR.
  4. Body of Aqib Ramzan of Lone Mohalla, Khanmoh was recovered on July 27. His body bore severe torture marks.
  5. Ishfaq Ahmad Dar of Tarzoo, Sopore was tortured by CRPF on July 23 and he died on July 31.
  6. A government employee, Abdul Qayoom Wangnoo of AaliKadal, Srinagar was beaten severely by the CRPF personnel at Hyderpora in Srinagar outskirts on September 9 while he was on his way to work. Few hours later he died in the hospital.
  7. Shabir Ahmad Mangoo of Khrew was beaten to death by armed forces on August 18 in front of his family members. Mansoor Ahmad Lone of Harudshiva, Sopore was tortured by 22 RR in their custody and he died on September 14.
  8. A teenager, Kaiser Amin Sofi was first tortured and then poisoned by the police on October 10 and on November 4, he died in the hospital.

In order to coerce the local populace and threaten the day to day life, night-time raids are brought in place. Simultaneously, houses are despoiled, which mainly includes breaking window panes and rescinding domiciliary goods and chattels, wrecking automobiles, burning down and destroying the only annual produce of standing harvest and orchards, and the destruction of electricity transformers of communities in some areas. The loss of private possessions is massive.

 

ASSAULT ON HEALTH SERVICES & AID WORKERS

There were multiple incidents of blocking Medical Aid Services. Paramedical workers and some Doctors faced harassment and were beaten for providing emergency medical aid to the injured. There were scores of attacks on ambulances. As per the data gathered as many as 200 ambulances were attacked by the state armed forces for ferrying the injured, during protests, to different hospitals. Over 20 ambulance drivers working with the Health Services were injured during the uprising. In one such incident, a CRPF personal in Safakadal area of downtown Srinagar shot and injured ambulance driver carrying pellet injured persons. However, the injured driver courageously drove the ambulance to the hospital to ensure the safety of the injured victim.

There were incidents of assault on the emergency care units of various hospitals by paramilitary and police forces. Tear smoke shells were fired inside hospitals to disperse assembly of people. Such incidents were reported in SMHS hospital and in some district hospitals. On one occasion, the ambulance drivers association threatened strike if immediate measures for their safety were not taken by the government.

According to reports, in Anantnag district 43 ambulances were damaged, followed by 36 in Kupwara, 22 in Kulgam, 20 in Budgam, 19 in Baramulla and 13 in Pulwama, 10 ambulances were damaged in Bandipora.

According to reports, several hospitals across the valley were attacked by government forces in order to spread terror among the patients and injured people there. On July 10, government forces fired tear gas shells inside SHMS hospital in Srinagar, in which four chronic lung diseases patients suffocated.

In situations like these, when the role of civil society intensifies, in Jammu and Kashmir it is happening otherwise. The civil society is suppressed and subdued, many activists like Khurram Pervaiz (Human Rights activist) were detained and slapped with the Public Safety Act-PSA, local NGOs that were catering to the needs of the injured in hospitals were constrained to vacate the same, and individuals and groups that were working on field and providing aid to the locales, were banned from working and some were even detained. At large, the arrogance and use of brutal force showed by the state towards the civil society has amplified the gap between the state and its people rather than filling it. The setback to the civil society in Jammu and Kashmir is so huge that it will take an ample time to regain its lost position on acting as a facilitator of peace.

 

SEXUAL VIOLENCE

Nearly 12% of Kashmiri women have suffered a violation of their modesty (associated with an act of sexual violence that varies from rape to inappropriate touching) since 1989.

The sexual assault of a minor girl in Handwara by army personnel on 4th April re-confirms the notion that the sexualized violence has been employed as strategic weapon of war in Kashmir. No justice has been provided to the minor girl from Handwara. Be it Kunan Poshpora mass rape in February 1991 or Shopian double rape and murder in 2009 or Bandipora rape case, justice seems a far cry. During this year’s uprising, there were many allegations of beating of women, which amounts to molestation, by police and paramilitary forces reported by media.

On April 12, a 16-year-old school girl who alleged molestation by an army man had sparked violence in Handwara, leading to the death of five civilians in police and army firing. Immediately, after the incident, the police took the girl into illegal confinement. In the evening, on same day, police released a video of the girl in which she exonerated the Army of involvement in the sexual assault. The girl later made a public statement that the video was taken under coercion with the intent to defame her and fix the blame on the local boys. Instead of acting against the perpetrator, the police did everything to ensure distortion of facts and defame the survivorOn May 16, in a crowded press conference the girl made a detailed statement about how deceitfully her video statement was shot and the mental torture she had gone through in the police custody.

While the governments and judiciary are ensuring the total impunity to the forces involved in sexual violence, the five young Kashmiri girls produced a book on Kunan Poshpora highlighting the trials and tribulation of the rape survivors. On February 24 which marked the 25th anniversary of Kunan Poshpora mass rape in 1991 the book titled “Do You Remember Kunan Poshpora” was released by the three Kunan Poshpora rape survivors. The book, dedicated to the Kunan Poshpora rape survivors, has been authored by five young Kashmiri women – aged between 23 and 28. The book was published by Zubaan publications as a part of its eight-volume series on “Sexual Violence and Impunity in South Asia”.

 

MEDIA GAG AND ATTACK ON MEDIA PROFESSIONALS

Covering a conflict is not an easy task for media and Kashmir is no different where the situation is not less than warring. State used every means to suppress the raging and widespread protests, and the worst it did was to try to ensure that the repression is not reported by the media. In this regard state and its forces create a hostile atmosphere for local journalists in Kashmir.

Many journalists were attacked, humiliated and abused by the armed forces during the year 2016. Even in one instance, two photo-journalists were targeted by the forces with pellets – in which one photojournalist has lost vision in one eye. The forces show no respect to official curfew passes, therefore, making difficult the movement of media. The journalists were also attacked by some unknown persons in hospitals where they were taking the accounts from the injured.

On 16 July, the Jammu and Kashmir government imposed a press emergency. The police raided the newspaper installations and seized copies of newspapers and printing plates. For five consecutive days, July 16 to July 20, the Kashmir print media stopped its publication in view of the threats and raid conducted by the police at the office of Greater Kashmir. One of the leading newspapers Kashmir Reader was banned on October 1 till December 27. When the Chief Minister was asked about the reasons for banning media, she feigned ignorance.

Pakistani news channels were taken off air. The Govt. also ordered blockade of 5 Indian news channels for their reportage on Kashmir uprising. However, later due to unknown reasons the order was not implemented.

The government decision to shut the internet service was with the intent to disconnect the people. The ban invited the large-scale local and international condemnation.

When media is considered the fourth pillar of democracy, the government is responsible to not only maintain a congenial atmosphere for it to be carried out smoothly and bring out the facts, but has to also ensure their safety and extend cooperation by all means. However, the government did otherwise owing to their set of fallacies. Media houses were earlier raided and media persons harassed to eventually stop them from covering news, as such unrecognized media-gag was in place for a few days. Since, it was an operation carried out against most of the print media, government faced a strong criticism, to which they tried to rectify by apologizing in public domain. But somehow, they came up with a divide and rule procedure by alienating certain news channels and one newspaper ‘Kashmir Reader’ through putting a ban on its publication and circulation. A certain number of video journalists were reported injured while covering clashes, and some of them sustained pellet injuries in eyes.

Few incidents in chronological order:

  1. Aug 05: Kashmir Reader photojournalist Muneebul Islam was beaten up by government forces at Semthan, Bijerbehara, in Anantnag district.
  2. Aug 17: Sumaiya Yousuf Rising Kashmir female journalist was abused by police officials in Jawhar Nagar, Srinagar.
  3. Aug 19: Journalists were asked by the forces to get the curfew passes from Govt. of India.
  4. Aug 21: Journalists face harassment during evening hours at the hands of state forces.
  5. Aug 29: Forces in Firdousabad locality of Batamaloo Srinagar allegedly damaged the house of senior photo journalist Danish Ismail.
  6. Sep 04: Many journalists were beaten while two journalists namely, Muzamil Mattoo of Kashmir Reader and Zuhaib Maqbool working for an online new portal were targeted with pellets by the state forces while performing their professional responsibilities during the a protest in Rainawari. Zuhaib’s eyes were badly injured with pellets.
  7. Oct 19: A Greater Kashmir journalist Irfan Parray from Bandipora was ruthlessly beaten by CRPF at Karan Nagar where he was dragged out of his car. He was on his way to Press Enclave at Regal, Lal Chowk Srinagar. The beating was so severe that his left leg was fractured. He was abused and humiliated.
  8. Oct 19: Founder/Editor of “J and K Now”, Vijdan Kawoosa was summoned by Jammu Kashmir Police at its cyber cell in Srinagar regarding a video statement of Hizbul Mujahideen outfit that he had published over a month ago as part of routine news. Police has also took notes of Vijdan’s e-mail addresses, phone numbers and family members, and have also took the password of his Facebook profile to which his website’s page is linked.

RESTRICTION ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES

During the mass uprising of 2016, the state crackdown on free practice of religion and religious gathering was of unforeseen limits and scale. Several mosques across the length and breadth of valley were damaged due to government forces action. Valley’s chief cleric condemned these attacks on religious places and said that “government has declared war on religious places in Kashmir.” The grand mosque of Srinagar, Jamia Masjid was shut down for the entire 19 weeks, following the killing of Burhan Wani on July 8 and no prayers were allowed.

The attack on religious gatherings was also part of state’s crackdown to crush the mass uprising of 2016. According to reports, hundreds of religious gatherings, including Ittehad e Millat conferences, were attacked by government forces in which hundreds of people were injured.

 

BLOCKADE OF COMMUNICATION SERVICES

In Kashmir, the phone and internet service remained subject to tense situation this year as well. The communication blockade has been longest in recent years. The mobile phone and internet services remained suspended for most of the time during this year. First, the mobile and internet services were suspended after the Handwara girl’s molestation in 4th April and then during the mass uprising which followed the killing of Burhan Wani killing in July. Suspending internet and phone services on January 26 and August 15 or whenever there is trouble in Kashmir has become a norm in Kashmir.

The idea behind snapping the internet and phone connections is to disconnect people. The July 8 killing of Burhan Wani in an encounter, which was immediately, followed by widespread protests unnerved the government. The government to stifle the protests responded with brute force, strict curfew and a massive communication blockade. The communication blockade not only caused inconvenience and hardship to people in Kashmir, but the Kashmiri students and businessmen outside Kashmir were unaware about the welfare of their families for months altogether, given the communication blockade in Kashmir. On July 9, the mobile phone except BSNL post-paid and internet services were Kashmir including broadband service for six days. On October 14 evening, the pre-paid mobile services were restored by the government approximately after 100 days. Earlier after some months the pre-paid mobile services were restored partly. By the end of this year the mobile service of pre-paid phone services remains suspended.

A blanket ban was put over connectivity to cut-off the valley from the rest of the world. Restrictions over pre-paid mobiles were lifted after 98 days, while restrictions on mobile internet are still in place.

Earlier on April 18, Divisional Commissioner Kashmir Asgar Hassan Samoon directed the operators of „social media news agencies to obtain proper permission from the deputy commissioners concerned for posting news on social media news groups along with sources.

KILLINGS DURING THE PEACEFUL PROTESTS

(From July – December 2016)

14TH FEBRUARY, 2016

Name: Shaista Hameed

Parentage: Abdul Hameed

Age: 22

Address Rattnipora Pulwama

Profession: Student Of Moulana Azad University

Perpetrator: J&K Police,

Cause of death: CRPF Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Danish Farooq Mir

Parentage: Farooq Ahmed

Rattnipora Pulwama

Age 19

Profession: Student Of University Of Science And Technology

Perpetrator: J&K Police

Cause of death: CRPF Bullet Injury

12H APRIL, 2016

Name: Iqbal Farooq Peer

Parentage: Farooq Ahmed Peer

Address Hatmullah Tesil Hundwara District Kupwara

Age: 22

Profession: Worker On A Tea Stall In Hundwara Town

Perpetrator: J&K Police

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Nayeem Qadir Butt

Parentage: Ghulam Qadir Butt

Address Banday Mohala Handwara District Kupwara

Age: 21

Profession: Upcoming Cricketer Of The Kashmir Valley

Perpetrator: J&K Police

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Raja Begum

Parentage: Wife Of Abdul Jabbar Mir

Address Langate, Tehsil Langate District Kupwara

Age: 50

Perpetrator: J&K Police

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

13H APRIL, 2016

Name: Jahangir Ahmed Wani

Parentage: Ghulam-Ud-Din Wani

Address: Drugmulla Tehsil Kupwara District Kupwara

Age: 25

Perpetrator: J&K Police , CRPF

Cause of death: Tear Gas Shell

15H APRIL, 2016

Name: Arif Hussain Dar

Parentage: Ghulam Mohiudin Dar

Address: Awoora, Tehsil Trehgam, District Kupwara

Age: 18

Profession: Student Of 12Th Class

Perpetrator: 47RR

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

8TH JULY, 2016

Name: Zubair Ahmad Khanday

Parentage: Ghulam Rasool

Address: Kolpora,Kaimoh,Kulgam

Age: 16

Profession: Student Of 11Th Standard

Perpetrator: J&K Police , CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Junaid Ahn1ad Akhoon

Parentage: Ghulam Ahmad

Address: Saidapora Eidgah Srinagar

Age: 12

Profession: Student Of 7Th. Standard

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

9TH JULY, 2016

Name: Saqib Manzoor Khundroo

Parentage: Manzoor Mir Ahmad

Address: Achabal, Anantnag

Age: 14

Profession: Student Of 9Th Standard

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Khurshid Ahmad Mir

Parentage: Abdul Razaq

Address: Harweth Kulgam

Age: 26

Profession: Carpet Weaver

Perpetrator: Army Of Nilhama Camp

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Shahid Hussain Ganai

Parentage: Abdullah

Address: Chek Cholan Shopian

Age: 18

Profession: Student Of Dar-Lit Uloom

Perpetrator: J&K Police Of Behibagh Post Kulgam

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Safeer Ahmad Bhat

Parentage: Sonaullah

Address: Chrarigam Sallar,Pahalgam Anantnag

Age: 21

Profession: Student Of Mba Final Year

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Torture

________________________________________

Name: Amir Bashir Khan

Parentage: Bashir Ahmad

Address: Batpora Verinag Anantnag

Age: 22

Profession: Engineer Employee With Pvt.construction Company

Perpetrator: RPI

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Abdul Hameed Moochi

Parentage: Gul Moochi

Address: Arwani Bijbehara Anantnag

Age: 25

Profession: 25.School Bus Driver

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury .

________________________________________

Name: Jehangir Ahmad Ganaie

Parentage: Mushtaq Ahmad

Address: Hassanpora,Taweela,Bijbehara Anantnag

Age: 19

Profession: Student And Part Time Chemist

Perpetrator: CRPF & SOG Of J&K Police

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Showkat Ahmad Mir

Parentage: Ali Mohammad

Address: Hassanpora,Taweela,Bijbehara Anantnag

Age: 32

Profession: Crocer

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Ajaz Ahmad Thokar

Parentage: Walt Muhammad

Address: Puhad,Siligam,Ashmuqam,Anantnag

Age: 35

Profession: Fruit Seller

Perpetrator: CRPF Of Akad Camp

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Azad Ahmad Thokar

Parentage: Chulam Mohammad

Address: Puds00 Shopian

Age: 40

Profession: Farmer

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Haseeb Ahmad Ganaie

Parentage: Abdul Majeed

Address: Brenthi,Diyalgam,Anantnag

Age: 22

Profession: Shopkeeper

Perpetrator: J&K Police , CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Danish Ayoub Shah

Parentage: Mohammad Ayoub

Address: Magraypora,Achabal,Anantnag

Age: 17

Profession: Student Of 9Th Standard

Perpetrator: J&K Police , CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Feroz Ahmad

Parentage: Ghulam Ahmad

Address: Nilo,Begamilloo

Age: 23

Profession: Imam

Perpetrator: Army

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Mohammad Altaf Rather

Parentage: Mohammad Akbar

Address: New Colony Rajpora Pulwama

Age: 22

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

_______________________________________

Name: Imtiyaz

Parentage: Mohammad

Address: Nandpora Khanabal

Age: 33

Profession: Salesman

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury.

________________________________________

Name: Ahmad Mandoo Alias Sahba

Parentage: Shafi

Address: Anantnag

Cause of death: Police

________________________________________

Name: Mashooq Ahmad Sheikh

Parentage: Mohammad Ramzan

Address: Kralokund,Ujjar,Devsar Kulgam

Age: 21

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Fayaz Ahmad Sofi

Parentage: Ali Mohammad

Address: Naidyar Rainawari Srinagar

Age: 45

Profession: Mentally Retarded

Cause of death: CRPF And Police

10TH JULY, 2016

Name: Irfan Ahmad Malik

Parentage: Manzoor Ahmad

Address: Urwan,Newa,Pulwama

Age: 16

Profession: Student Of 9Th Standard

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Fayaz Ahmad Waza

Parentage: Mohammad Shaban

Address: Nikloora,Littar Pulwama

Age: 28

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Ishtiyaq/Ishfaq Ahmad Mir

Parentage: Bashir Ahmad

Address: Hillad Kokernag Anantnag

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

16TH JULY, 2016

Name: Hilal Ahmad Parray

Parentage: Mother Jana Begum

Address: Tengpora Batmaloo Srinagar

Age: 27

Profession: Shopkeeper(Provi Sional Store)

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

 

18TH JULY, 2016

Name: Showkat Ahmad Yatoo

Parentage: Ghulam Hassan

Address: Churrath Devsar Qazigund Anantnag

Age: 25

Perpetrator: Indian Army’s 9 Rr

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Mst Neelofar

Address: Churrath Devsar Qazigund Anantnag

Age: 30

Perpetrator: Indian Army’s 9 RR

Cause of death: Torture

20TH JULY, 2016

Name: Ghulam Mohammad Mir

Parentage: Abdul Sattar

Address: Khumriyal Lolab Kupwara

Age: 50

Perpetrator: Army 41 Rr

Cause of death: Torture

22ND JULY, 2016

Name: Mushtaq Ahmad Bhat

Parentage: Bashir Ahmad

Address: Charsoo Awantipora Pulwama

Age: 18

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

23RD JULY, 2016

Name: Ishfaq Ahmad Dar

Parentage: Abdul Khaliq Dar

Address: Tarzoo Sopore Baramulla

Age: 17

Injured On 31St.july 2016

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

4TH JULY, 2016

Name: Sameer Ahmad Wani

Parentage: Bashir Ahmad

Address: Khunmoh Srinagar

Age: 24

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Aqib

Parentage: Mohammad

Address: Lone Mohalla

Age: 17

________________________________________

Name: Ramzan Lone

Parentage: Ramzan

Address: Khonmoh Srinagar

Profession: Student Of 11Th Standard

Perpetrator: Not Known

Cause of death: Torture

26TH JULY, 2016

Name: Mushtaq Ahmad

Address: Kreleteng Rajouri Kadal Srinagar

Age: 61

Profession: Retired Government Employee

Perpetrator: J&K Police & CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

29TH JULY, 2016

Name: Abdul Ahad Ganai

Address: Qumr00, Arizal Budgam

Perpetrator: Concertina Wire

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

30TH JULY , 2016

Name: Fayaz Ahmad Rather

Parentage: Mohammad Ramzan

Address: Saidpora Rafiabad Sopore Baramulla

Age: 45

Profession: Bookseller

Perpetrator: Unknown Gunmen

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

2ND AUGUST, 2016

Name: Farooq Ahmad Kuchay

Parentage: Ghulam Nabi

Address: Lethpora Pulwama

Perpetrator: J&K Police Satish Kumar Manhas(Belt No.704)

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Riyaz Ahmad Shah

Parentage: Late Abdul Majid Shah

Address: Chattabal Srinagar

Age: 22

Profession: Atm Guard At Habba Kadal Srinagar

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Bilal Ahmad Denthoo

Address: Kawari,Handwara Kupwara

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Suhail Ahmad Wani

Address: Lethpora Pulwama

Age: 21

Profession: Pso Of Ad Dc Ramban Namely Satish Kumar

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

5TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Mohammad Maqbool Wagay

Parentage: Abdul Kareem

Address: Loolipora Chadoora Budgam

Age: 35

Perpetrator: Armed Forces

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Sameer Ahmad Wani

Parentage: Noor Mohammad

Address: Mulanaroo Village Of Takia Farooq Khansahib Budgam

Age: 21

Perpetrator: Army/CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Danish

Parentage: Ghulam

Address: Mulnligam Wagoora

Age: 17

Profession: Student

________________________________________

Name: Rasool Mir

Parentage: Rasool

Address: Baramulla

Profession: 12Th Standard

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

________________________________________

 

Name: Amir Bashir LoneParentage: Bashir Ahmad

Address: Sedow Shopian

Age: 17

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

7TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Bilal Ahmad Malik

Parentage: Abdul Gani

Address: Defferp5rapulwama

Age: 23

Profession: Student Oursuing Graduation

Perpetrator: Armed Forces

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

8TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Mohammad Ashraf Mir

Parentage: Abdul Aziz

Address: Ahan Ganderbal

Perpetrator: Army’s 19RR

Cause of death: Hit To Death By Armed Forces Vehicle

9TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Waseem Masroor

Address: Kulgam

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

13TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Ishfaq Ahmad

Address: Baadipora Tangmarg Baramulla

Age: 18

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

15TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Mohammad Yasir Sheikh

Parentage: Abdul Salam

Address: Sd Colony Batamaloo Srinagar

Age: 16

Profession: Student Of 10Th Standard

Perpetrator: J&K Police

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

16TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Mohammad Ashraf Wani

Parentage: Ghulam Mohammad

Address: Hazarpora Beerwah Budgan

Age: 35

Profession: Wholesale Of Grocery

Perpetrator: 43 Battalion Of CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Manzoor Ahmad Lone

Parentage: Mohammad Akbar

Address: Ariabnthan Beerwahg Budgam

Age: 25

Profession: Shawl Weaver And Farming

Perpetrator: 43 Battalion Of CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Javvid Ahmad Sheikh

Parentage: Ghulam Rasool

Address: Airpanthan Beerwan Budgam

Age: 25

Profession: Barber

Perpetrator: 43 Battalion Of CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Javaid Ahmad Najar

Parentage: Ghulam Rasool

Address: Aripanthan Beerwan Budgam

Age: 20

Profession: Joinery Mill Owner

Perpetrator: 43 Battalion Of CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Amir Yousuf Ganai

Parentage: Mohammad Yousuf

Address: Naidpora Larkipora Dooru Anantnag

Age: 15

Perpetrator: Army

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

18TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Shabir Ahmad Mango

Parentage: Wali Mohammad

Address: Shar-E-Shali Khrew, Pampore Pulwama

Age: 30

Profession: Phd Scholar & Adhoc Lecturer

Perpetrator: Army’s 50 RR

Cause of death: Torture

________________________________________

Name: Jameela Begum

Parentage: Abdul Rasheed Khan

Address: Nundreshi Colony Bemina Srinagar

Age: 48

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

22ND AUGUST, 2016

Name: Irfan Fayaz Wani

Parentage: Fayaz Ahmad

Address: Fatehkadal Srinagar

Age: 23

Profession: Autu Rikshaw Driver

Perpetrator: J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Shell Smoke.

24TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Mohammad Amir Mir

Parentage: Ghulam Mohammad

Address: Ratnipora Pulwama

Age: 18

Perpetrator: CRPF/SOG Of J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

26TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Shakeel Ahmad Ganie

Parentage: Ghulam Mohammad

Address: Chandpora Nikus Rajpora Pulwama

Age: 19

Profession: BA Student

Perpetrator: 183 Battalion Of CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

27TH AUGUST, 2016

Name: Shahnawaz Khan

Parentage: Mohammad Iqbal

Address: Dadoo Marhama Area Of Sangam Anantnag

Age: 24

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Torture

31ST AUGUST, 2016

Name: Danish Manzoor Lone

Parentage: Manzoor Ahmad

Address: Nadihal Rafiabad Baramulla

Age: 23

Profession: 12Th Standard Student

Perpetrator: Army

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

1ST SEP, 2016

Name: Danish Sultan Haroo

Parentage: Mohammad Sultan

Address: Pamposh Colovy Palpora Noorbagh Srinagar

Age: 13

Profession: 7Th Standard Student

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Torture

3RD SEP, 2016

Name: Basit Ahmad Ahanger

Parentage: Ghulam Mohammad

Address: Vesso Qazigund Anantnag

Age: 20

Profession: Student Of Ba 1St Year Gdc

Anantnag

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

5TH SEP, 2016

Name: Asif Majeed Nagoo

Parentage: Abdul Majeed

Address: Sonawani Lakipora The.qaziabad Distt. kupwara

Age: 17

Profession: 12Th .Standard Student

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

6TH SEP, 2016

Name: Naseer Ahmad Dar

Parentage: Ghulam Hassan

Address: Seer Hamdan Anantnag

Age: 20

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

7TH SEP, 2016

Name: Abdul Gani Want

Parentage: Chawalgam Kulwam

Age: 70

Tear Gas/Pellet Injury

9TH SEP, 2016

Name: Abdul Qayoom

Parentage: Abdul Salam Wangnoo

Address: Aali Kadal Srinagar

Age: 43

Profession: Truck Driver

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Javaid Ahmad Dar

Parentage: Ghulam Mohammad

Address: Wadwan Budgam

Age: 22

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

10TH SEP, 2016

Name: Sayar Ahmad Sheikh

Parentage: Mohammad Shamim

Address: Ganawpora Shopian

Age: 18

Profession: Student

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Pellet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Yawar Dar

Parentage: Mushtaq Ahmad Dar

Address: Batengoo Anantnag

Age: 18

Profession: Student

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Pellet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Nasir Shafi Qazi

Parentage: Mohammad Shafi

Address: Theed Harwan Srinagar

Age: 12

Profession: Student Of 7Th .Standard

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

13TH SEP, 2016

Name: Mustafa Mir

Parentage: Abdul Hameed Mir

Address: Dachigam Bandipora

Age: 21

Perpetrator: Sp Of J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Pellet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Shahid Ahmad She

Parentage: Mohammad Yousuf

Address: Urpora Nagbal Shopian

Age: 18

Profession: Student Of 12Th Standard

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Pellet Injury

________________________________________

Name: Jalal-U-Din

Address: Awantipora Pulwama

Age: 45

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Acid Shell

14TH SEP, 2016

Name: Mansoor Ahmad Lone

Address: Hardu Shiva Sopore Baramulla

Age: 24

Perpetrator: Army’s 22 Rr Regiment

Cause of death: Torture

15TH SEP, 2016

Name: Rasikh Ahmad Bhat

Parentage: Mohammad Yousuf

Address: Akhran Nowpora Devsar Kulgam

Age: 23

Profession: Truck Driver

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

16TH SEP, 2016

Name: Basit Mukhtar Bhat

Parentage: Mukhtar Ahmad

Address: Dalipora Oulwama

Age: 13

Profession: Student Of 7Th. Standard

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

19TH SEP, 2016

Name: Khushboo Jan

Parentage: Mohammad Hussain

Address: Gadafpora Shopian

Age: 18

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Acid Shell/Pellet Injury

23RD SEP, 2016

Name: Waseem Ahmad Lone

Parentage: Nazir Ahmad Lone

Address: Nadihal Baramulla

Age: 22

Perpetrator: Army 32 Rr

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

30TH SEP, 2016

Name: Waseem Ahmad Lone

Parentage: Nazir Ahmad Lone

Address: Nadihal Baramulla

Age: 22

Perpetrator: Army 32 RR

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

1ST OCT, 2016

Name: Muzaffar Ahnmad Pandit

Parentage: Mohammad Ramzan

Address: Chak-E-Kawoosa,Narbal Budgam

Age: 18

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Pellet Injury

3RD OCT, 2016

Name: Mohammad Yousuf Khanday

Parentage: Nazir Ahgmad

Address: Gagarpora Narbal Budgam

Age: 27

Profession: Marketing Executive

Perpetrator: CRPF

Cause of death: Bullet Injury

21ST OCT, 2016

Name: Javid Ahmad Mir

Parentage: Fateh Mnohammad

Address: Mir Mohalla Nasrullahpora Budgam

Age: 22

Perpetrator: Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Shell Smoke.

4TH NOV, 2016

Name: Qaisar Soft

Parentage: Abdul Hameed Sofi

Address: Shalimar Srinagar

Age: 16

Perpetrator: Police

Cause of death: Torture

10TH NOV, 2016

Name: Munazah Rashid

Parentage: Abdul Rashid

Address: Anchar Soura Sringar

Age: 14

Profession: Student

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Shell Smoke.

14TH NOV, 2016

Name: Ghulam Mohammad Khab

Parentage: Elahgi Bagh Soura Srinagar

Age: 75

Perpetrator: CRPF & J&K Police

Cause of death: Tear Gas/Shell Smoke.

 

 

 

BEERWAH TRAGEDY

On 2nd September, 2016, the family of Shameema Amin, R/o Beerwah, Budgam were having our evening tea around 5 PM. The family moment was abruptly interrupted by hue and cry, when dozens of CRPF men barged into our home and began hurling stones at my father. As we all were rushing outside to help our father, they poured cascades of pellets and bullets targeting one and all present, and as a result eight members of two immediate families sustained severe injuries.

The injured include:

  1. Shameema Amin (29), spilled by pellets in the left eye and whole body.
  2. Arshid Hussain (33), Shameema’s cousin was hit by pellets in the left eye.
  3. Dilshada Amin (50), Shameema’s mother was hit by a tear gas shell in the left thigh and right hand.
  4. Mujtaba Shafi Banday (22), Shameema’s cousin hit by shell at face.
  5. Abdul Rashid (37), Shameema’s cousin brother hit by pellets at face and head.
  6. Shamshada (35), Abdul Rashid’s wife, hit by pellets above trunk.
  7. Dilshada (45), Shameema’s cousin hit by shells at right wrist.
  8. Owais Latief (21), Dilshada’s son hit by shell at right ankle.

 

After several check-ups Shameema Amin & his cousin Arshad Hussain were operated upon by local surgeons, telling them there was a very little possibility of restoration of their vision. While Arshid’s condition was improving slightly, Shameema was not showing any signs of recovery. Worried by the consequences, her family took her to “LV Prasad Eye Hospital” in Hyderabad, where she was again operated upon on October, 07, 2016. She has been told that she will undergo multiple surgeries in order to try out possible measures to help her with the restoration of her vision.

Umar, a 17 years old student R/o Gandipora, Beerwah was leading a peaceful protest from Gandipora to Beerwah on 12 August, 2016. Catastrophically, men in uniform (mainly CRPF, Police and SOG) confronted us from anterior, spilled on us pellets, shells, direct bullets etc. resulting in almost 150 injuries.

Umar is a 17 year old gentleman, studying in class 11 says that we had gathered to lead a peaceful protest and I was almost in the rare end of multitude, and I don’t know how and why pellets reached my eye, to which I lost my consciousness.

His brother recalls the incident saying, I was informed by some friends regarding the mishap. I dashed to the spot and, while we were rushing my brother to SMHS, Srinagar, forces clogged our way near Narbal and did not let us go any further. We waited for hours but to no avail. It is then with the efforts of the local populace in the area, we were permitted to leave.

Umar was operated by Dr. Natrajan and followed by several check-ups in the said hospital. For now, he cannot see with his left eye, but he has been told by the specialists that there are possibilities for the restoration of his vision, but the course will be very plodding.

Umar emanates from an underprivileged household, the family of six is sustained by the father, who is a farmer. Umar’s family members pronounce him as a peace adoring and introvert individual.

Gulzar Ahmad Mir, a 17 year lad from village Utligam Beerwah was also a part of this peaceful protest which was leading from Gandipora to Beerwah.

He reiterates, “when pellets were showered by men in uniform we dispersed in diverse directions, I was running through a paddy field to look for a safer place when pellets hit my whole body and the left eye. Since then four surgeries were performed on my body in a hospital in Srinagar.”

AARIPANTHAN CARNAGE

Four people were killed and 25 injured in Aripanthan village district Budgam, by the security forces in the morning of 16th of August, 2016 around 7 o’clock, when women and men were hurrying back home with their bags filled with groceries and other stuff from the local market which they call as “chowk”.

Javaid Ahmed Sheikh, a hair dresser, was in his early twenties and used to run a high-end saloon in his village. He used to earn at least Rs. 1,000/- a day, and was fond of reading the newspaper, recalls his father. He recalls that fateful morning when Javaid asked his younger brother (Kousar) to get a newspaper for him from their local market (chowk). Thereafter, the whole village thumped with the shots of bullets and Javaid hurried to the market to look for his brother, followed by his mother, Mehbooba. The moment Mehbooba reached one upper slope (by-lane) that joins the main road leading to the market she could see a pile of dead bodies lying on the by-lane drenched in blood, little did she know that her son was one amongst them.

Ghulam Rasool painfully remembers while his eyes were moist with tears, a gentleman from his locality approached us to inform that all the injured were being rushed to the Beerwah sub district hospital by locales, and Javaid was one of them. Then we hurried to the hospital to see our son where his body was kept in an isolated room and doctors had already declared him dead.

The dead in the incident include:

  1. Javaid Ahmad Sheikh, 20-years-old and a hair dresser by profession.
  2. Mohammad Ashraf Wani, 37-years-old and was the owner of a wholesale general store, survived by a widowed mother, his wife and a 9 years old son.
  3. Javaid Ahmad Najar, 25 year old, a carpenter by profession and survived by two younger sisters and a younger brother.
  4. Manzoor Ahmad Lone, 25-year-old, a farmer.

Abdul Hamid Wani, a 29 year old recollects the morning of 16th August as nightmarish. He observes, in order to support my family of nine dependents, I as a mason left home to work in a nearby village. I was carrying an old set of clothes that I put on while commencing my tedious day job, as soon as I reached chowk the hue and cry of people diverted my attention, I stopped for a while without realizing a bullet hitting my right waist. Once blood started oozing out, I felt something is anomalous with me and in the meantime I lost my consciousness.

Abdul Hamid’s family recaps, since phones were not working we were not able to contact Hamid, but we were very sure he will be at his workplace, as the days of incessant curfew had not affected his schedule. But some neighbors informed us in the evening that Hamid is badly injured and has been referred to a hospital in Srinagar.

List of some the injured in Aripanthan incident:

  1. Farooq Ahmad Bhat S/o Sonaullah Bhat
  2. Tauqeer Ahmad Bhat S/O Mohammad Shafi Bhat
  3. Mohammad Maqbool Wani S/O Sonaullah Wani
  4. Ghulam Rasool Dar S/O Assad Dar
  5. Javaid Ahmad Wani S/O Abdul Rashid
  6. Hinna D/O Mohammad Abdullah Chopan
  7. Hajra W/O Abdul Rashid Sheikh
  8. Mohammad Aqib S/o Abdul Gani Lone
  9. Hilal Ahmad Bhat S/o Ghulam Nabi Bhat
  10. Farooq Ahmad Bhat S/o Ghulam Ahmad Bhat
  11. Abdul Hameed Wani S/o Sonaullah Wani

 

KAWOOSA OCCURRENCE

On 5th September 2016, Mohammad Shafi Lone, from Malpora Beerwah was returning home from his shop when CRPF showered pellets & he lost both his eyes in the incident. The tragedy did not end here, unfortunately as his father was admitted in a hospital in Srinagar soon after hearing the news of injury, and passed away on 18th September, 2016, due to a heart attack.

His brother was permanently disabled by an accident which took place a few years back while his sister-in-law died long ago, leaving behind her six children; two sons and four daughters. His whole family comprising of an old aged mother, a permanently disabled brother, four nieces and two nephews are reliant on him. He was earlier operated upon by two local surgeons and the second surgery was conducted by Dr. Natarajan.

The indigenous uprising of 2016 has fundamentally an altered character from the earlier ones (2008, 2009 & 2010). This is the first such uprising which reached every household and every single individual post the 1990s. Its impact was rather grave. Four months of incessant curfew followed by strikes, hartals are continuing. The reported figures reveal 122 people were gunned down, above 1,178 people have been hit by pellets in the eyes, including minors and children – where 300 of them will never be able to see again. While the reported figures of the injured are over 15,000, (the unreported figures of the injured are however approximately over 30,000). Official sources divulge that over 12,000 youth have been detained in these four months. The findings on ground reveal that quite a good number of detainees are below 18 years of age and the category of torture they go through is completely inhumane.

 

IMPACT ON WOMEN AND CHILDREN

When the existing turmoil targeted all sections of the society, women and children were not left out. Apart from losing their lives, their eyes and sustaining injuries, the women community of Kashmir did bear the brunt of losing their children, brothers and husbands to the uprising. The fabric of love that women are woven with was bruised by losing and disabling their near and dear ones. While situations turned crucial, women were seen organizing active protests, protecting the youth from being detained and crying for help from Almighty.

Reported figures are14% of pellet gun victims are under 15. Below is the list of some of the children who were hit by pellets in both eyes:

*Zohra Majeed, a four-year-old kid, is the youngest victim of action by forces. She has pellet injuries in her abdomen, chest, both lower-limbs and forehead.

 

IMPACT ON EDUCATION

(Politicizing education and educational institutions)

The student community was the worst hit in the present turmoil. Since schools were closed down in the month of June for summer vacations, followed by unrest. As such, students have not been able to study for half a year and over 50% of their syllabus is still incomplete. The continuous closure of schools coupled with politicizing education and burning down of educational institutions created a disaster to this community. Besides, over 1,100 people are hit by pellets in their eyes and almost 11,000 youth are detained by the government and scores of them have been booked under the controversial Public Safety Act— students comprising a good number. The students continue to be under the state of mental trauma, when some of their peers are dead, maimed and a large chunk of them subjected to PSA, detention, torture etc. The frizzy atmosphere formed around does not let students focus on their studies. Under such circumstances it was totally unfair to push students for examinations. Nevertheless, the government is playing otherwise by politicizing education and compelling students to sit in their yearly (final) exams in the month of November–a tactic to provide a deceitful impression of returning normalcy in Kashmir. The student community has been running from pillar to the post by means of holding demonstrations, appealing to the government and concerned authorities to postpone their exams and not to use education as a tool of politicizing. Civil society has been condemning the acts. The slogans like “Blood and ink cannot flow together”, “we will sacrifice our education for freedom” and “you cannot blind a child and ask him to sit for exams” etc. came to fore from every community. Despite public furor, the government seems unmoved. To counter the criticism however the government made a little transition in its strategy by providing a choice to the students for sitting in exams in November session with 50% syllabi only or to opt for March session with 100%.

Yet another face of impact was seen on teachers, when schools were burnt down. The teachers particularly of Primary schools were directed by the government authorities to protect their own schools according to the roaster and as such teachers were forced to undergo night vigil to fulfill newly assigned security duties. An end number of teachers were showing resentment, by which according to their own experiences, teaching faculty was reduced to humiliation. Moreover in 2010, India’s National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights has set out guidelines for the “protection of children’s rights in areas of civil unrest”. Under these guidelines the use of schools by security forces “violates the spirit and letter of the (Right to Education Act) because it actively disrupts access to education and makes schools vulnerable to attacks”. But in Kashmir, many schools are still used for military purposes. Board exams are also being held amid tightened security, making students more susceptible to mental stress and physical uneasiness.

CONCLUSION

According to Kashmir watchers recurrent manner of Kashmir uprisings, hold a strong conviction that Kashmir is a dispute and needs a political solution. The uprisings will continue to recur with an augmented frequency in the days to come. A volcano that has shifted much beyond its dormant state and is accelerating its way towards eruption. There is a need to address this dispute once for all.

But the unresolved and long pending Kashmir dispute is the main reason to stimulate such uprisings to the worst loss to humanity and peace. Denial of right to self-determination, human rights and loot of natural resources by the Indian Government keeps on adding to the miseries of people of Indian occupied Kashmir.

Apart from the basic history of 1947, incidents of the past like massacres of Bomai-Sopore, Gowakadal, Kulgam, Zakoora, Tengpora, Bijbera etc., torture and sexual violence, gang rapes (like in Kunan poshpora hamlet, Tabinda rape and murder case, Asiya-Nilofar rape and murder) draconian laws (like AFSPA, PSA, DAA), fake encounters, extra judicial killings, disappearances, so on and so forth have been pushing people from time to time to voice for Azadi, and that voice grows louder with each passing day.

It is factual that the past and present infirmities that have and are afflicting the very fabric of Kashmir are irrevocable in nature. The genuine response to alleviate these problems of Kashmir in the future lies in resolving the Kashmiri issue according to the wish and aspiration of people of Jammu and Kashmir and as enshrined in United Nations Security Council and United Nations commission on India and Pakistan resolutions. The United Nations Security Council exerted jurisdiction over Kashmir as long ago as 1948; and, it remains as an unresolved tragedy to this very day. Anything other than right to self-determination will be a palliative care.

India’s international lawlessness has escaped even moral reproach of the United Nations for more than 69 years now. It time for United Nations and its human rights mechanisms to jump-start to fulfill their moral and well as legal responsibility to assist victims of widespread human rights violations by Indian state in Indian occupied.

 

KASHMIR SIEGE

LARRY Collin in his book “Freedom at Midnight” writes that Partition of Subcontinent was one of the dangerous divorces in the history. Today India and Pakistan are two independent countries on the map of the world but Kashmir issue is still unresolved. Kashmir is the unresolved agenda of partition and till today the people of Kashmir lack freedom. The paradise on earth is every day washed with bloodshed and the voice of innocent people is being suppressed through bullets and pellets. This is what we call State barbarism? And the civilized world has sewed their lips on human rights abuses in Kashmir. The human rights violation in Kashmir is not new but these wounds are 65 years old. India and Pakistan have fought three wars on the region of Jammu & Kashmir but without any conclusion and still there is a possibility of future wars on Kashmir, if not resolved timely.

Email: saleeemwani@hotmail.com

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